Q-and-A format See question mark in Punctuation chapter.

Qantas Airways Headquarters is in Sydney, Australia.

QE2 Acceptable on second reference for the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2.

(But use a Roman numeral for the monarch: Queen Elizabeth II.)

Q-Tips A trademark for a brand of cotton swabs.

Quaalude A trade name for a drug containing methaqualone. Not synonymous with illegal drugs containing methaqualone.

Quakers This informal name may be used in all references to members of the Religious Society of Friends, but always include the full name in a story dealing primarily with Quaker activities.

The denomination originated with George Fox, an Englishman who objected to Anglican emphasis on ceremony. In the 1640s, he said he heard a voice that opened the way for him to develop a personal relationship with Christ, described as the Inner Light, a term based on the Gospel description of Christ as the “true light.”

Brought to court for opposing the established church, Fox tangled with a judge who derided him as a “quaker” in reference to his agitation over religious matters.

The basic unit of Quaker organization is the weekly meeting, which corresponds to the congregation in other churches.

Various yearly meetings form larger associations that assemble at intervals of a year or more. The largest is the Friends United Meeting. Its 15 yearly meeting members represent about half the Friends in the world.

Others include the Evangelical Friends Alliance and the Friends General Conference. Members of the conference include some yearly meetings that also are affiliated with the Friends United Meeting.

Overall, Friends count about 120,000 members in the United States and Canada and a total of 200,000 worldwide.

Fox taught that the Inner Light emancipates a person from adherence to any creed, ecclesiastical authority or ritual forms.

There is no recognized ranking of clergy over lay people. However, there are meeting officers, called elders or ministers. Many Quaker ministers, particularly in the Midwest and West, use the Rev. before their names and describe themselves as pastors.

Capitalize elder, minister or pastor when used as a formal title before a name. Use the Rev. before a name on first reference if it is a minister’s practice. On second reference, use only the last name of a man; use Miss, Mrs., Ms. or no title before the last name of a woman depending on her preference.

See religious titles.

quakes See earthquakes.

quart (dry) Equal in volume to 67.2 cubic inches. The metric equivalent is approximately 1.1 liters.

To convert to liters, multiply by 1.1 (5 dry quarts x 1.1 is 5.5 liters).

See liter.

quart (liquid) Equal in volume to 57.75 cubic inches. Also equal to 32 fluid ounces.

The approximate metric equivalents are 950 milliliters or .95 of a liter.

To convert to liters, multiply by .95 (4 quarts x .95 is 3.8 liters).

See liter.

quasar Acceptable in all references for a quasi-stellar astronomical object, often a radio source. Most astronomers consider quasars the most distant objects observable in the heavens.

Quebec The city in Canada stands alone in datelines.

Use Quebec City in the body of a story if the city must be distinguished from the province.

Do not abbreviate any reference to the province of Quebec, Canada’s largest in area and second largest in population.

See datelines.

queen Capitalize only when used before the name of royalty: Queen Elizabeth II. Continue in second references that use the queen’s given name: Queen Elizabeth.

Lowercase queen when it stands alone.

Capitalize in plural uses: Queens Elizabeth and Victoria.

See nobility and titles.

queen mother The mother of a reigning monarch. See nobility.



quotation marks See entry in Punctuation chapter.

quotations in the news Never alter quotations even to correct minor grammatical errors or word usage. Casual minor tongue slips may be removed by using ellipses but even that should be done with extreme caution. If there is a question about a quote, either don’t use it or ask the speaker to clarify.

Do not routinely use abnormal spellings such as gonna in attempts to convey regional dialects or mispronunciations. Such spellings are appropriate when relevant or help to convey a desired touch in a feature.

FULL vs. PARTIAL QUOTES: In general, avoid fragmentary quotes. If a speaker’s words are clear and concise, favor the full quote. If cumbersome language can be paraphrased fairly, use an indirect construction, reserving quotation marks for sensitive or controversial passages that must be identified specifically as coming from the speaker.

CONTEXT: Remember that you can misquote someone by giving a startling remark without its modifying passage or qualifiers. The manner of delivery sometimes is part of the context. Reporting a smile or a deprecatory gesture may be as important as conveying the words themselves.

OFFENSIVE LANGUAGE: See the obscenities, profanities, vulgarities entry.

PUNCTUATION: See the quotation marks entry in the Punctuation chapter.