ValiumA trademark for a brand of tranquilizer and muscle relaxant. It also may be called diazepam.
valleyCapitalize as part of a full name: the Mississippi Valley.
Lowercase in plural uses: the Missouri and Mississippi valleys.
Vandyke beard, Vandyke collar
Varig Brazilian AirlinesHeadquarters in Rio de Janeiro.
VaselineA trademark for a brand of petroleum jelly.
Vatican CityStands alone in datelines.
VCRAcceptable in second reference to videocassette recorder.
VDTAbbreviation for video display terminal. Spell out.
V-E DayMay 8, 1945, the day the surrender of Germany was announced, officially ending the European phase of World War II.
VelcroTrademark for a nylon material that can be pressed together or pulled apart for easy fastening and unfastening. Use a generic term such as fabric fastener.
venereal diseaseVD is acceptable on second reference.
verbalSee the oral, verbal, written entry.
verbsThe abbreviation v. is used in this book to identify the spelling of the verb forms of words frequently misspelled.
SPLIT FORMS: In general, avoid awkward constructions that split infinitive forms of a verb (to leave, to help, etc.) or compound forms (had left, are found out, etc.)
Awkward: She was ordered to immediately leave on an assignment.
Preferred: She was ordered to leave immediately on an assignment.
Awkward: There stood the wagon that we had early last autumn left by the barn.
Preferred: There stood the wagon that we had left by the barn early last autumn.
Occasionally, however, a split is not awkward and is necessary to convey the meaning:
He wanted to really help his mother.
Those who lie are often found out.
How has your health been?
The budget was tentatively approved.
VermontAbbrev.: Vt. See state names.
vernacularThe native language of a country or place. A vernacular term that has achieved widespread recognition may be used without explanation if appropriate in the context.
Terms not widely known should be explained when used. In general, they are appropriate only when illustrating vernacular speech.
Seecolloquialisms and dialect.
versesSee poetry for guidelines on how to handle verses of poetry typographically.
versusAbbreviate as vs. in all uses.
vertical takeoff aircraftSee the V-STOL and VTOL entries.
very high frequencyVHF is acceptable in all references.
Very Rev.See Episcopal Church; religious titles; and Roman Catholic Church.
Veterans AffairsFormerly Veterans Administration, it became Cabinet level in March 1989 with the full title Department of Veterans Affairs. VA (no periods) is still used on second reference.
Veterans DayFormerly Armistice Day, Nov. 11, the anniversary of the armistice that ended World War I in 1918.
The federal legal holiday, observed on the fourth Monday in October during the mid-1970s, reverted to Nov. 11 in 1978.
Veterans of Foreign WarsVFW is acceptable on second reference.
Headquarters in Kansas City, Mo.
veto, vetoes(n.) The verb forms: vetoed, vetoing.
VHFAcceptable in all references for very high frequency.
vice-Use two words: vice admiral, vice chairman, vice chancellor, vice consul, vice president, vice principal, vice regent, vice secretary.
Several are exceptions to Webster’s New World. The two-word rule has been adopted for consistency in handling the similar terms.
vice presidentCapitalize or lowercase following the same rules that apply to president. See president and titles.
Do not drop the first name on first reference.
Victrola A trademark for a brand of record player.
videotape(n. and v.)
videotex, teletextNot videotext. Videotex is the generic term for two-way interactive data systems that transmit text and sometimes graphics via telephone lines or cable. User can specify desired information and communicate with host computer or other users through terminal keyboard.
Teletext is a one-way system that transmits text material or graphics via a TV or FM broadcast signal or cable TV system. The user can select material desired but cannot communicate with other users.
vie, vied, vying
vienna bread, vienna coffee, vienna sausagesSee food.
VietnamNot Viet Nam.
villageApply the capitalization principles in city.
VIP, VIPsAcceptable in all references for very important person(s).
VirginiaAbbrev.: Va. Legally a commonwealth, not a state.
Seestate and state names.
Virgin IslandsUse with a community name in datelines on stories from the U.S. Virgin Islands. Do not abbreviate.
Identify an individual island in the text if relevant.
Seedatelines and British Virgin Islands.
viscount, viscountessSee nobility.
vitaminsLowercase vitamin, use a capital letter and/or a figure for the type: vitamin A, vitamin B-12.
V-J DayThe day of victory for the Allied forces over Japan in World War II.
It is calculated both as Aug. 15, 1945, the day the fighting with Japan ended, and as Sept. 2, 1945, the day Japan officially surrendered.
V-neck(n. and adj.)
Voice of AmericaVOA is acceptable on second reference.
volatileSomething that evaporates rapidly. It may or may not be explosive.
Volkswagen of America Inc.The name of the U.S. subsidiary of the German company named Volkswagen A.G.
U.S. headquarters is in Auburn Hills, Mich.
Volunteers in Service to AmericaVISTA is acceptable in second reference.
vonSee foreign particles.
vote tabulationsAlways use figures for the totals.
Spell out below 10 in other phrases related to voting: by a five-vote majority, with three abstentions, four votes short of the necessary two-thirds majority.
For results that involve fewer than 1,000 votes on each side, use these forms: The House voted 230-205, a 230-205 vote.
To make totals that involve more than 1,000 votes on a side easier to read, separate the figures with the word to to avoid hyphenated adjectival constructions. Seeelection returns for examples.
V-STOLAcceptable on second reference for an aircraft capable of vertical or short takeoff or landing.
VTOLAcceptable on second reference for an aircraft capable of vertical takeoff or landing.
vulgaritiesSee the obscenities, profanities, vulgarities entry.